Skin Clinic in Lucknow

Vitiligo treatment in Lucknow.

23 Feb 2024

Vitiligo: Symptoms, Treatments, Causes, and More

Vitiligo is a skin condition where patches of skin lose their color, appearing lighter than surrounding areas. It can affect any part of the body, including the eyes, mouth, and hair. If you're seeking Vitiligo treatment in Lucknow. Consult a qualified dermatologist or Vitiligo specialist - Dr.Sumit Gupta for personalized care and effective options tailored just for you.

Remember, early diagnosis and proper care are key, so don't hesitate to seek expert guidance for managing your Vitiligo with confidence.
Here's a breakdown of the key points:

  • Symptoms: White or light-colored patches on the skin, hair, or inside the mouth.
  • Spread: Unpredictable, patches may grow, stay stable, or repigment spontaneously.
  • Photosensitivity: Affected areas are more sensitive to sunlight and sunburn.
  • Visibility: More noticeable in individuals with darker skin tones.
  • Duration: Can be lifelong or temporary with re-pigmentation.

Remember, vitiligo doesn't pose a health risk but can cause emotional concerns due to its appearance. If you have concerns or notice changes in your skin, consult a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment options.

Vitiligo Types:

Vitiligo, a condition causing white patches on the skin, comes in several forms, each with its characteristics:


  • Few patches
  • Appear in specific areas, not widespread

Nonsegmental (most common):

  • Patches on both sides of the body (symmetrical)
  • Slower development
  • Often affects sun-exposed areas (face, neck, hands)

Subtypes of Nonsegmental:

  • Acrofacial: Affects face, scalp, genitals, fingers/toes
  • Mucosal: Affects mucous membranes and lips
  • Generalized: Scattered patches on various body areas
  • Universal (rare): Extensive depigmentation covering most of the body
  • Mixed (rare): Both segmental and nonsegmental features
  • Rare variants: Other uncommon forms


  • Rapid color loss on one side of the body
  • More stable after 6-12 months, less likely to spread
  • Affects younger individuals
  • Limited to one area (leg, arm, face)
  • Linked to nerves near the spine
  • May not respond to typical treatments

Vitiligo: Signs and Symptoms Simplified - Vitiligo Treatment in Lucknow

Key symptom: Patchy skin discoloration.

How it starts: Lighter spots appear, often after sunburn or injury. These gradually turn white and smooth.

Patch details:

  • Vary in size and shape.
  • Edges may be inflamed and itchy, but typically not uncomfortable.
  • More prone to sunburn.


  • Some people have few, stable white spots.
  • Others develop larger patches that merge and cover more skin.

Additional effects (less common):

  • Hearing loss.
  • Loss of eye pigment.
  • Other autoimmune diseases (e.g., thyroid issues).


  • Typically occurs between 20-30 years old, but can appear at any age.
  • The doctor examines the skin, possibly using a black light to highlight affected areas.

Understanding Vitiligo Treatment Options:

While vitiligo may seem like a cosmetic concern, the American Academy of Dermatology emphasizes its impact on overall health and encourages seeking medical attention. Fortunately, various treatments can help reduce the appearance of the condition, though individual choices to pursue treatment vary.

Sunscreen: Protecting your skin, especially the lighter patches that burn easily, is crucial. Consult a dermatologist for a suitable sunscreen recommendation.

Phototherapy with UVB Light: This common treatment involves controlled exposure to specific UVB wavelengths. While home units are available, physician supervision is essential. Clinic visits might require 2-3 sessions weekly or full-body treatment for widespread vitiligo. Combining UVB phototherapy with other approaches can enhance results, but complete repigmentation remains elusive.

Vitiligo Treatment Options:

Vitiligo can be a challenging condition, but there are several treatment options available to manage and potentially reverse the white patches on your skin. If you're located in Lucknow and seeking treatment for vitiligo, it's important to consult with a dermatologist who specializes in this condition. Here's a quick overview of some common approaches to vitiligo treatment in Lucknow:


  • Phototherapy with UVA light: This involves taking a medication to make your skin sensitive to UVA light, and then receiving controlled doses of UVA light from a healthcare professional. Repigmentation typically takes 6-12 months.
  • Topical corticosteroids: Creams containing steroids can help restore pigment, but use them cautiously on the face due to potential side effects like thinning skin.
  • Calcipotriene: This Vitamin D-based cream is often used with other treatments and may cause mild itching, redness, or burning.
  • Drugs affecting the immune system: Topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus can be helpful for small patches, but pimecrolimus carries a rare risk of cancer.


  • Skin camouflage: For mild vitiligo, colored cosmetics and makeup can effectively conceal white patches and match your natural skin tone.

Vitiligo Treatment Options: Balancing Effectiveness and Risks

Vitiligo, while not harmful, can be a cosmetic concern for many. Fortunately, several treatment options aim to restore pigment or even out skin tone. Here's a breakdown of the main approaches:

Skin Grafts:

  • Pros: Effective for localized areas, permanent results.
  • Cons: Time-consuming, scarring in donor and recipient areas.

Blister Grafting:

  • Pros: Less invasive than skin grafts, potentially less scarring.
  • Cons: Not as effective for large areas, blister creation can be uncomfortable.

Micropigmentation (Medical Tattooing):

  • Pros: Can achieve natural-looking color, and long-lasting results.
  • Cons: Difficulty matching skin tone perfectly, fades over time, the potential for triggering new vitiligo patches.


  • Pros: Effective for widespread vitiligo, achieves even skin tone.
  • Cons: Permanent, increases sun sensitivity, skin becomes more fragile, lengthy treatment process.

Ruxolitinib (Opzelura):

  • Pros: FDA-approved for small areas, topical application.
  • Cons: New medication, limited research on long-term effects, only approved for nonsegmental vitiligo.

Vitiligo complications:

While not directly causing other diseases, Vitiligo can increase the risk of:

  • Sunburn: Affected skin lacks melanin, making it burn faster and more painfully.
  • Hearing loss: Less common, but possible due to melanocyte loss in the inner ear.
  • Eye problems: Iritis (inflammation of the iris) and changes in vision/tear production can occur.
  • Mental health challenges: Social stigma and appearance concerns can lead to anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem.
  • Skin cancer: Increased risk due to sun sensitivity.


Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition characterized by the loss of pigment-producing melanocytes, resulting in depigmented white patches on the skin. While the exact cause of vitiligo remains unclear, it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, autoimmune, and environmental factors. While there is currently no cure for vitiligo, various treatment options are available to manage the condition and promote repigmentation of the skin. Individuals with vitiligo need to work closely with a dermatologist to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses their specific needs and goals.


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American Academy of Dermatology Association.

Vitiligo - Diagnosis & treatment - Mayo Clinic